If you are checking out solar panels to install a photovoltaic system then you must have come across the terms Polykristallin Oder Monokristallin, as prominent panel options. Both these solar panels are equipped to produce solar energy but come with certain functional and physical differences, that you should be aware of. However, while making a choice you should consider your requirement and go for the one that fits your needs. You can also look for variants that can be used with Lifepo4 batteries.
The solar panels have different silicon structures which affect their appearance and also the way they interact with the sunlight and are perceived by the human eye. The monocrystalline cells are black in color and are made up of a single silicon crystal. Whereas, the polycrystalline cells have a bluish hue and are made up of various silicon fragments molded together. Although both the cells look physically different but come with a satisfying lifespan, whereas most solar cells come with a warranty of about 25 years.
The cost of a solar panel totally depends on the silicon structure used and the way it is produced. The polycrystalline panels are manufactured by melting the silicon crystals and molding them and then cutting them into wafers of panels. On the other hand, monocrystalline panels are made up of pure and single silicon crystal, the process of making a monocrystalline solar wafer is a complex one and so is relatively more expensive than a polycrystalline solar panel. However, the supplementary costs consisting of the labor charges, battery and inverter costs, and the other protection charges are the same for both types of solar panels.
Both varieties of solar panels are efficient, however, what sets them apart is the use you are to put them into. The efficiency fairly enough depends on your requirement, however, if an external remark has to be made then monocrystalline panels are a bit more efficient as it converts a larger amount of sunlight into electricity. A recent study shows that typically a polycrystalline solar panel has an efficiency of around 20% and that of a monocrystalline panel is approaching 23%. It is clearly understandable that the efficiency difference is minor and therefore the cost-to-efficiency ratio of both explains the scenario.
So the choices again come down to the requirements, to compensate for the lower efficiency of polycrystalline panels they come in less expensive variants and can be put up in larger numbers. However, the monocrystalline although expensive but being efficient requires a lesser number of panels.
Uses of Monocrystalline solar panels
The monocrystalline solar panels best work in smaller areas as they are efficient to produce more electricity on a smaller scale and are capable to draw maximum solar energy even in areas that have lower sunlight. They are the best choice when efficiency is more important than the cost. Similar to other solar panels these are also bulky but due to the dark color, they easily fade into the background. Moreover, they have better heat tolerance and so are the best option for extremely hot environments. In short, the utilization of monocrystalline solar panels is: that they are fit for smaller applications, work well in areas of low sunlight, and efficient than other solar panel variants.
Uses of Polycrystalline solar panels:
Polycrystalline solar panels are the most cost-efficient option and require larger areas for the production of more electricity. They require an ample amount of sunlight to work productively and are best for rural areas where they can be tucked away on the rooftop. The aesthetic appeal is not so good as the blue tint can be unattractive to many. Thus, the utilization of polycrystalline solar panels is: they are a highly cost-effective option, work best with maximum sunlight, and require a larger area for greater production.
Things to keep in mind :
The main reason to shift from conventional energy methods to renewable solar energy is primarily money and then next comes environmental issues and energy independence. Installing solar panels can help in decreasing the electricity bills in two ways: One way is to connect the solar grid with the conventional grid through which the energy produced by the solar panel can be utilized through the grid. The other way, however, is to connect the solar panels with a Lifepo4 batterien and inverter to directly use the converted energy and go off the grid. However, once planning to invest in a solar panel there are certain things to keep in mind, such as the finances, the space constraints, and the personal preferences or requirements. Both the types of panels work towards producing energy and saving money but differ in many ways, so it remains important to tally your personal requirements with the particular panel’s outcome and then finalize something.
As already stated there is no conclusion to the comparisons between Polykristallin Oder Monokristallin, as both are designed to produce energy. As both are two different products so they ought to work differently and generate different outcomes. However, it is important to keep in mind that when you are opting for a solar solution, you are not only attempting to save on your bills but also taking a step towards clean energy.